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Slideshow

Composer of the Week

The Fast And Friendly Guide To The Modern Era Of Classical Music

Classic FM's John Brunning takes you on a whistle-stop tour of 20th Century and 21st Century music.

Gustav Holst - Mars

Mars, from Gustav Holst's Planet Suite, being played by The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra and conducted by Sir Charles Mackerras.

Open the pdf file at the bottom of this video. Have fun doing the activities.

Johannes Brahms -- Hungarian Dance No.5 - Hungarian Symphony Orchestra Budapest

HUNGARIAN SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA - Budapest"Hungarian Dance No.5"

Johannes Brahms

Activity 1

Can you name the musical instruments that you can hear in the piece?

If you are not sure go to...

https://www.classicsforkids.com/music/instruments_orchestra.php

Music Activity 2

Open the pdf document below the video and complete all the activities! Have fun learning!

Music Activity 3

Listen to a different interpretations of the Hungarian Dance No. 5
Which one you prefer? Why?

Music Activity 4

I like you to listen to the music again. You can chose the version that you like the most.

How does the music makes you feel? Can you imagine a story? Is there a beginning middle and end?

Activity 5

Composers often are inspired by different types of dances to create their music.
Copy and paste the link below and listen to the radio programme to find out about composers which found inspiration in dances...

https://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/shows.php?id=196

Don't forget to enter the Quiz!



Martynas - Hungarian Dance No.5 in G Minor (Official Video)

David Garrett - Brahms Hungarian Dance No 5

Rimsky-Korsakov Flight of the Bumblebee-Russian National orchestra, Conductor Mikhail Pletnev.

Rimsky-Korsakov

Activity 1

Can you name the musical instruments that you can hear in the piece?

If you are not sure go to...

https://www.classicsforkids.com/music/instruments_orchestra.php

Music Activity 2

Open the pdf document below the video and complete all the activities! Have fun learning!

Music Activity 3

Listen to a different interpretation of Flight of he Bumblebee, now performed by a cello ensemble!
Which one you prefer? Why?

Music Activity 4

I like you to listen to the music again. You can chose the version that you like the most.

How does the music makes you feel? Can you imagine a story? Is there a beginning middle and end?

Activity 5

Composers often are inspired by different types of animals. On this piece of music Rimsky Korsakov was inspired by bees
Copy and paste the link below and listen to the radio programme to find out about composers which found inspiration in different animals to create their music...

Don't forget to enter the Quiz!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/shows.php?id=148


The Flight of the Bumblebee by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908)-London Cello Orchestra- Busan Citizens' Hall, 28 June 2013-Geoffrey Simon, conductor

Classic FM's Fast And Friendly Guide To The Romantic Era


Music Activity 1

Watch the video below and answer the following questions:

1. Which composer was considered to be a classic and an early Romantic?

2. Which musical form was the “King” in the Romantic era?

3. Why do you think self expression in music is very important?

4. Which one was the most favoured instrument in the Romantic era?

5. Name two Romantic composers that wrote music for piano.

6. Name two well known Operas from the Romantic period.

Music Activity 2

Scroll down and listen to...

Chopin Military Polonaise-

Explore Music and feelings:

​What do you think about this music?

Do you like it?

How does the music makes you feel?

​Imagine that you are the composer, as you listen to the piece, think for a moment, Is there anything that you like to change? Why?

Music Activity 3

The piano

Research online! and answer the following questions:

1- When was the piano invented?

2- To which family of musical instruments the piano belongs to?

Music Activity 4

Learn more about Chopin by clicking on the link below. Once you listen to the radio programme... Don't forget to enter the Quiz!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/shows.php?id=51

Music Activity 5

Create your own music! Click on the link below and be a composer!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/games.html

Music activity 6

Click on the pdf file below the next youtube video (Chopin Military Polonaise) and complete all the activities!

Have fun learning!

Chopin Military Polonaise : Tzvi Erez plays Chopin

Joseph Haydn


Music Activity 1

Watch the video below and answer the following questions:

1. When was Haydn born?

2. When was the first time Haydn travelled to London?

3. By which name was popularly know his Symphony No. 96?

4. Which musical genre was stablished by Haydn?

Music Activity 2-

Scroll down and listen to...

Haydn String Quartet Op.71 No 1, Allegro

Explore Music and feelings:

​What do you think about this music?

Do you like it?

How does the music makes you feel?

​Imagine that you are the composer, as you listen to the piece, think for a moment, Is there anything that you like to change? Why?

Music Activity 3

The String Quartet

Research online! and answer the following questions:

1-What is a String Quartet?

2-Which other composers from the classical era had also written String Quartets?

Music Activity 4

Learn more about Haydn by clicking on the link below. Once you listen to the radio programme... Don't forget to enter the Quiz!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/shows.php?id=16


Music Activity 5

Create your own music! Click on the link below and be a composer!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/games.html












Attacca Quartet plays Haydn Op. 71 no. 1 -- First Movement

Classic FM's Fast and Friendly Guide to Beethoven

Classic FM's John Brunning takes you on a whistle-stop tour of the life of Ludwig Van Beethoven.

Music Activity 1

Watch the video below and answer the following questions:

1. Where was Beethoven born?

2. Who was Beethoven crucial teacher?

3. When did Beethoven lost his hearing?

4. How many Symphonies did he wrote?

Music Activity 2

Scroll down and listen to...

Beethoven's Symphony No5, 1st Movement

The music opens with a very distinctive motive.
A motive is a short melodic idea that keeps re-appearing through out the piece.
As you listen to the music complete the pdf activity below the video. Listen carefully and mark with an x every time you hear the motive.

Music Activity 3

Instruments of the Orchestra
Click on the link below to learn about the orchestra, it is a great interactive resource! Get your family to join you!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/music/instruments_orchestra.php

Music Activity 4

Now! Keep scrolling down and you will find Beethoven's 8th Symphony, listen to the music and complete the pdf activities below the video (Beethoven's 8th fun activities)





Beethoven - Symphony No. 5 (Proms 2012)

Beethoven's Symphony No. 8, 2nd movement | conducted by Paavo Järvi

Classic FM's Fast And Friendly Guide To The Classical Era

Classic FM's John Brunning takes you on a whistle-stop tour the Classical Era.

Watch the video below and answer the following questions:

1. What time frame was the classical period?

2. What are the names of three Revolutions that took place in the classical era?

3. Who were the musical "Kings" in the classical era?

Once you completed this questions, I like you to listen to Mozart's Turkish Rond and do the activities ( keep scrolling down, there is an other youtube video below this one).

Turkish Rondo by Mozart played by Lang Lang

Listen to the music and complete the activities below.

Have fun learning!

Vivaldi "Summer" 3rd Movement- Performed by Nigel Kennedy-violin

Concerto No.2 in G minor RV315 "Summer" 3rd MovementFrom Nigel Kennedy's live concert "a la Citadelle", 2005, Francewith the Polish Chamber Orchestra.

Hello Everybody!

This week we are re-visiting the music of Antonio Vivaldi with an other of his compositions: "Summer" (played by one of the greatest British violinists: Nigel Kennedy).
Below you will find some interesting facts about Vivaldi followed by a youtube video for you to watch.
There is an online Quiz at the end of this page! Enjoy listening to our composer of the week!

Vivaldi in Venice
Antonio Vivaldi was born on 4 March 1678 in Venice to Camilla Calicchio and Giovanni Battista Vivaldi, who was a barber, baker and violinist. He had five siblings.

Vivaldi's best music locked away?
Despite the fact Vivaldi wrote around 800 different works, his music was rarely played from his death in 1741, when his manuscripts were locked away or even attributed to other composers because he was deemed to be out of favour.

Vivaldi the teacher
Alongside his religious duties, the composer spent 37 years of his life as a composer, teacher, and conductor at the Pio Ospedale della Pietà asylum for orphaned girls. The original building is now a hotel restaurant, but the nearby church was completed in 1761, 20 years after Vivaldi's death.

The Four Seasons
Vivaldi wrote fragments of poetry on the manuscript for his 'The Four Seasons', and no one's sure who wrote them. They may have been written by Vivaldi himself, who also provided instructions such as "The barking dog" in Spring, "Languor caused by the heat" in Summer, and "the drunkards have fallen asleep" in Autumn.

Vivaldi's concertos
'The Four Seasons' may well be his most famous piece, but Vivaldi wrote more than 500 other concertos for other instruments including mandolin, cello, flute, viola d'amore, recorder, and lute. Around 230 of these are for violin - he was, after all, a violinist, like his father.

You can find all this information and more if you copy and paste the link below:

https://www.classicfm.com/composers/vivaldi/guides/vivaldi-facts-about-great-composer/

Quiz time!

Don't forget to copy and paste the link below, listen to a radio programme about Antonio Vivaldi and complete the Quiz!

https://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/shows.php?id=39

I Hope you enjoyed Antonio Vivaldi's Music!




Classic FM's Fast And Friendly Guide to Handel

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759) was a German-British baroque composer, famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos. Most music lovers have encountered George Frideric Handel through holiday-time renditions of the Messiah's 'Hallelujah' chorus or his Music for the Royal Fireworks.
Life and Music
Handel was born in the German city of Halle on February 23, 1685.

As a child he studied music with Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow, organist at the Liebfrauenkirche, and for a time he seemed destined for a career as a church organist himself.

In 1703 he took a post as violinist in the Hamburg opera orchestra, he fought a duel the following year with the composer Mattheson over the accompaniment to one of Mattheson's operas.

In 1706 Handel returned to Germany to become court composer in Hannover.

English audiences took to his 1711 opera Rinaldo, and several years later Handel moved to England permanently. He impressed King George early on with the Water Music of 1716, written as entertainment for a royal boat outing.

Through the 1720s Handel composed Italian operatic masterpieces for London stages: Ottone, Serse (Xerxes), and other works often based on classical stories.

In the 1730s and 1740s Handel turned to the oratorio which displayed to maximum effect Handel's melodic gift and the sense of timing he brought to big choral numbers.

In 1737 Handel suffered a stroke, which caused both temporary paralysis in his right arm and some loss of his mental faculties.

Blind in old age, Handel continued to compose. He died in London on April 14, 1759. Beethoven thought Handel the greatest of all his predecessors; he once said, "I would bare my head and kneel at his grave".

Did you know?
Handel's father did not approve of his son's love of music. His mother had to smuggle a small keyboard into the attic of their house. The young boy would play the instrument up there, in secret on his own, when his father was not around.

Music For The Royal Fireworks, HWV 351 -

George Frideric Handel

The Music for the Royal Fireworks (HWV 351) is a suite in D major for wind instruments composed by George Frideric Handel in 1749 under contract of George II of Great Britain for the fireworks in London's Green Park on 27 April 1749. The music celebrates the end of the War of the Austrian Succession and the signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) in 1748. The work was very popular when first performed and following Handel’s death. Mozart called the work a “spectacle of English pride and joy.”

Four Seasons ~ Vivaldi

Antonio Vivaldi - Four Seasons

Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741) was one of the most productive composers of the Baroque era. His vast output included substantial quantities of chamber and vocal music, some 46 operas and a remarkable 500 concertos...
Life and Music

A colourful character with an eye for the ladies, Vivaldi defied a lifetime of ill-health by regularly absenting himself from his home base of Venice in a desperate attempt to establish an international reputation.

The exact date of Vivaldi's birth (4th March 1678) confounded scholars for many years, although it was known that following his delivery the midwife performed an emergency baptism. The reason for his emergency baptism is not known for certain but is likely due to his poor health or to an earthquake that shook Venice on that day.

Vivaldi's father, Giovanni Battista, was a violinist at St Mark's Cathedral, and although he taught the prodigiously gifted Antonio to play from early childhood, a musical career seemed unlikely, especially when, aged 15, he was shunted off to join the priesthood.

He studied for 10 years, received Holy Orders in 1703 and earned the nickname "il prete rosso" (the red priest) from the distinctive colour of his hair.

By September 1703 Vivaldi had already secured his first professional appointment as maestro di violino at the Pio Ospedale della Pieta, one of four orphanages for girls in Venice. Remarkably, this was to remain his base for the greater part of his life, from 1703 to 1740, though with several prolonged 'leaves of absence'.

Throughout the 1730s Vivaldi continued to travel widely - to Bohemia, Austria and throughout Italy - despite the fact that his worsening health meant taking an expensive entourage of carers.

Destitute and alone, he passed away in Vienna in 1741 and was buried cheaply the same day in a hospital cemetery which sadly no longer exists.

Did you know?

Because Vivaldi was a priest, he was not allowed to marry or have a girlfriend, but it was largely believed that both Anna and Paolina Giro were Vivaldi's girlfriends at the same time!

Hilary Hahn plays Bach Violin Concerto No.2 in E Major BWV 1042- Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen

Johann Sebastian BachConcerto for Violin No.2 in E Major (BWV 1042)

Barenboim plays Bach Goldberg Variations - Aria.

Barenboim plays Bach Goldberg Variations - Aria.

Yo-Yo Ma Bach Cello Suite No.1 in G Major

Yo-Yo Ma at the Prom 2015

Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D major, BWV 1050 (Freiburger Barockorchester)

0:00 Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D major, BWV 1050
0:13 I. Allegro
9:11 II. Affettuoso
14:59 III. Allegro

A Fast and Friendly Guide to Bach | Classic FM

Johann Sebastian Bach - one of music's most sublime creative geniuses.

Watch this video and answer the following questions:

When was J.S. Bach born?

Which other composer was born the same year as him?

Who gave J.S Bach his first organ lesson?

Let's learn more about J.S Bach...

J.S Bach- Biography

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was music's most sublime creative genius. Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist of the Baroque Era.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21st 1685 in Eisenach, Germany.

The young Bach was offered a choral scholarship to the prestigious St Michael's School in 1699.

1703 saw Bach become the organist at St Boniface's Church in Arnstadt - a role that saw him on a regular salary and expanding his skills at the keyboard.

Bach composed the cantata Gott ist mein König in 1708 - he was paid handsomely, and it helped him cement his early career.

The Brandenburg Concertos were composed in 1721 as a sort-of musical job application for the Margrave Ludwig of Brandenburg - it was unsuccessful.

In his later years Bach faced harsh criticism. During the 1720s and 1730s when he was composing his most important works - the Passions and the Goldberg Variations among them - a new Italian style invaded Germany, making his work appear outdated.

The Well Tempered Clavier, a quintessential student text, was finished in 1744 and comprised two volumes of piano music in every musical key.

With the notable exception of opera, Bach composed towering masterpieces in every major Baroque genre: sonatas, concertos, suites and cantatas, as well as innumerable keyboard, organ and choral works.

Bach died on July 28th 1750 in Leipzig. It is still disputed whether it was a botched eye operation or a stroke caused by pneumonia were to blame for his death.

Bach's popularity was decaying until 1829, when Mendelssohn performed the St Matthew Passion and rescued Bach from oblivion.

Did you know?

Bach once walked two hundred and thirteen miles to hear a performance by an organist whom he admired. Once he had heard the concert, he turned round and walked the same distance home again.

Classic FM's Fast And Friendly Guide To The Baroque Era

Classic FM's John Brunning takes you on a whistle-stop tour through one of of the most important eras in musical history:

The Baroque Era

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
Watch this video carefully and answer the following questions:

1- Can you name all the Baroque inventions?

2- Can you define cantata, sonata and suite in the context of Baroque Music?

3-Who wrote the first Opera?

4-Which baroque composers were born in 1685?

5-How many concertos wrote Vivaldi?

"Lachrimae" by John Dowland (1563-1626)

Christopher Morrongiello performs "Lachrimae" (ca. 1590s).

John Dowland Biography (Wikipedia)
John Dowland (1563 – buried 20 February 1626) was an English Renaissance composer, lutenist, and singer. He is best known today for his melancholy songs such as "Come, heavy sleep", "Come again", "Flow my tears", "I saw my Lady weepe" and "In darkness let me dwell", but his instrumental music has undergone a major revival, and with the 20th century's early music revival, has been a continuing source of repertoire for lutenists and classical guitarists.

The Lute
The lute really came into its own in the late fifteenth century when it was realised that it could be played with fingertips instead of a quill. This meant that music properly composed in parts could now be played on the instrument. With the addition of a sixth (bass) course, the development of a more elegant, elongated body shape, and the invention of a system of tablature for notating its music, the lute attained a new classical perfection, and the stage was set for a musical craze that was to last over 150 years.

The lute is rich not only in repertoire but in symbolism. Its refined sound has given it courtly associations in East and West: for Arabs the lute was amir al - 'alat, the sultan of instruments. In the hands of angels it symbolised the beauties of heaven; it was further used as a symbol of harmony, while a lute with a broken string (as in Holbein's famous painting 'The Ambassadors') stood for discord. From ancient times it has symbolised youth and love. Ancient Mesopotamian seals show maidens playing long-necked lutes in the cult of Ishtar, goddess of love and destruction, foreshadowing countless images of the lute in love scenes in Renaissance painting. What could be more romantic than a man singing to the lute outside a lady's window? Conversely, it could be an emblem of lust or lasciviousness: in the hands of an older man it symbolised scandal and degeneracy. If the lute's sensuous and delicate tones evoked the pleasures of love, the fleeting nature of its sound, and the physical fragility of the instrument made it a fitting emblem of transience and death: it is often included, sometimes alongside a skull, in Dutch still life paintings of the Vanitas variety, illustrating the vanity of worldly existence.

Copy and paste the link below to find out more about the lute
https://www.lutesociety.org/pages/about-the-lute

How does this music makes you feel?

Do you like it? Why?

Listen carefully to the harmony and the rhythm of the music, try to find repetition, variation and musical phrases. Usually musical phrases are marked by a pause, rhythm or/and harmonic changes.






Thomas Tallis (1505—1585)

'Spem in alium', a 40 forty-part motet by Elizabethan composer Thomas Tallis (c.1505 -- 1585) was composed and first performed at Nonsuch Palace England in c.1570. It is sung here by the Tallis Scholars conducted by Peter Phillips. The work is designed to be sung by eight choirs of five voices each (soprano, alto, tenor, baritone and bass) standing in a horseshoe shape in order to accentuate the antiphonal effects of the work.
The video is accompanied by photographs of some of England's Gothic cathedrals including Canterbury, St Alban's, Peterborough, Lincoln, Ely, Durham, Salisbury, Westminster Abbey, Exeter, Winchester, Wells, York Minster, Beverley Minster, Bath Abbey, Kings Cambridge and Nonsuch Palace.

Thomas Tallis (1505—1585)
One of England’s greatest composers, Tallis served in the Chapel Royal for some four decades, composing under four different Monarchs who had widely differing religious sensibilities. He was among the first composers to set English words to music for the Church of England, although most of his vocal music is in Latin. During the reign of Edward VI, it was ruled that services be sung in English and that the choral music be brief and succinct ‘to each syllable a plain and distinct note’.

Copy and paste the link below to watch a recent performance of "Spem in alium"
Majestic Renaissance music, the striking surroundings of the Tate Modern in London, and a deeply moving experience...

https://www.classicfm.com/composers/tallis/tate-modern-ora-simgers-spem-in-alium/

Thomas Tallis (1505—1585)
One of England’s greatest composers, Tallis served in the Chapel Royal for some four decades, composing under four different Monarchs who had widely differing religious sensibilities. He was among the first composers to set English words to music for the Church of England, although most of his vocal music is in Latin. During the reign of Edward VI, it was ruled that services be sung in English and that the choral music be brief and succinct ‘to each syllable a plain and distinct note’. If Ye Love Me is the classic example of these new English anthems.
Thomas Tallis wrote was a composer that belongs to the Renaissance.

Renaissance
The Renaissance (c.1400-1600) was an era of discovery, innovation and exploration; the word itself means ‘rebirth’. The invention of the printing press liberated music to now be published and distributed. The Latin Mass is perhaps the most important type of music of the period, particularly that of Josquin des Prez. But non-vocal music flourished too, especially for instruments such as the sackbut and lute.

The relaxation of the Church’s political control meant that composers gained more freedom to be influenced by art, mythology, astronomy and maths. In the early Renaissance, most composers came from Northern France or the Low Countries, where the support provided by the courts was particularly strong. Later on, the focus moved to Italy. In Venice, Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli produced huge pieces for choir and ensembles. In Rome, Allegri and Palestrina wrote expansive choral works that still enthrall the ears

There’s no piece of music like Thomas Tallis’ Spem in alium. It’s one of the most iconic works for the human voice, featuring the choir of 40 independent singers and interweaving lines of music.

Written 450 years ago in 1570, it’s a masterpiece of composition. Writing for 40 different voices requires elaborate musical architecture. Often the voices join one by one and sing in different combinations, but several times in the 10-minute piece, all 40 voices enter at the same time. The sound is majestic and overwhelming.


Guillaume de Machaut: La Messe de Nostre Dame - Agnus Dei

Guillaume de Machaut (born c. 1300, Machault, Fr.—died 1377, Reims), French poet and musician, greatly admired by contemporaries as a master of French versification and regarded as one of the leading French composers of the Ars Nova (q.v.) musical style of the 14th century. It is on his shorter poems and his musical compositions that his reputation rests. He was the last great poet in France to think of the lyric and its musical setting as a single entity (https://www.britannica.com/biography/Guillaume-de-Machaut)

Ars Nova in Music History
Ars Nova, (Medieval Latin: “New Art”), in music history, period of the tremendous flowering of music in the 14th century, particularly in France. The designation Ars Nova, as opposed to the Ars Antiqua (q.v.) of 13th-century France, was the title of a treatise written about 1320 by the composer Philippe de Vitry. Philippe, the most enthusiastic proponent of the “New Art,” demonstrates in his treatise the innovations in rhythmic notation characteristic of the new music (https://www.britannica.com/art/Ars-Nova-music)

Guillaume de Machaut’s Messe de Notre-Dame —
A pivotal piece, as it is the earliest complete polyphonic mass setting by a named Western composer of prominence.
Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame is for four voices rather than the more common three. Machaut added a contratenor voice that moved in the same low range as the tenor, sometimes replacing it as the lowest voice.

Listen to the music and identify four different vocal lines or voices.

How does the music makes you feel? Why?
Where do you think this music use to be performed?

Hildegard von Bingen, O rubor sanguinis (with score)

Hildegard of Bingen was a saint, composer and poet. But it's only recently that her songs, writings and remarkable life and visions have been rediscovered.

She was born over 900 years ago and for most of her 80-plus years was shut away in an obscure hilltop monastery in the Rhineland. This remarkable woman had left behind a treasure-trove of illuminated manuscripts, scholarly writings and songs written for her nuns to sing at their devotions.

Her sublime, life-affirming music struck a chord with young professionals seeking solace and inspiration in a violent, troubled world. And so a recording of Hildegard’s music, A Feather On The Breath Of God, introducing the pure soprano of Emma Kirkby and Gothic Voices, became an unexpected bestseller.

Today we think of Hildegard as one of the first identifiable composers in the history of Western music (most medieval composers were “Anon”). But there were no mentions of her music in any reference book before 1979 and she barely warranted an entry in the 1990 edition of The New Grove Dictionary of Music.


To learn more go to:

https://www.classicfm.com/composers/bingen/guides/discovering-great-composers-hildegard-von-bingen/



Classic FM's Fast And Friendly Guide To Early Music

Watch this friendly guide to early music and answer the following questions.. you may need to watch it more than once...

How did it start, how it develop?
Exactly why did Tallis and Byrd have a stranglehold over it all?
Click on the link below to watch a performance of Byrd's music, the instrument that you are hearing is called the Lute.
Can you find out more about the lute? What is the difference between the lute and the guitar?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaCMIdmIPRg

Guido D'Arezzo. Ut Queant Laxis.

We are going to explore the History of Western Music which is divided in different periods.

Early Music

This period mainly compromises Medieval music (c.500–1400) and to some extent the Renaissance period. Various trends emerged in the 1100s, such as relatively large volumes of written notated polyphony and non-liturgical Latin song.

We are listening to Guido D' Arezzo's music (composer and inventor from the early music period)

I like you to listen to the music and answer the following questions:

Is there any particular place where you think this music maybe perform?

How many voices can you hear?

Is there harmony? Remember, harmony occurs when unless two different sounds are played or sang at the same time?

How does the music make you feel? Why?

Do you like it? Why?

Be curious and find out more about Guido D' Arezzo by answering the following questions:

When and where was Guido D' Arezzo born?

What was one of Guido D' Arezzo music pieces called?

What Guido D' Arezzo create for the world?

When did Guido D' Arezzo died?

Now watch this video to learn more about Guido D' Arezzo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l-JMX7tVqog














Helikopter-Streichquartett (Helicopter Quartet) - Karlheinz Stockhausen

Introduction to 20th Century Music.

In the 20th century, a diverse range of new musical styles emerged that further challenged all the rules of earlier periods.

This week we are going to listen to a piece of music that belongs to New Complexity…

What is new complexity in music?

As we know, in the 20th Century, composers were looking for different ways to express themselves.

Some composers decided to really explore the possibilities within every dimension of the musical material.

As a results, the music may sometimes sound too complex for us to enjoy it or incredibly engaging and inspiring.

Stockhaussen’s Helicopter String Quartet

What is Helicopter String Quartet?

A string quartet refers to four musicians playing music together using the stringed musical instrument.

Therefore, a Helicopter String Quartet is about musicians playing the piece independently in four different helicopters.


The basic idea was to use the sounds of helicopter blades in conjunction with the music piece that could be recorded high up in the sky.

The individual recordings from the four musicians are then mixed down to a single track for audiences to listen.

The idea of using helicopter’s for the performance came from a dream.

What do you think about the piece? Do you like it?

Can you hear how the sounds of the helicopters are mixed with the sounds from the string quartet?

How does the music makes you feel?

Steve Reich - Six Pianos (At Home)


Introduction to 20th Century Music

In the 20th century, a diverse range of new musical styles emerged that further challenged all the rules of earlier periods.
One of the new musical styles was called Minimalism.

What is Minimalism?

Minimalism is a form of art music or other compositional practice that employs limited or minimal musical materials and calls attention to the activity of listening.

Today we are going to listen to Six Pianos by Steve Reich.

This piece could be said to be the Marmite of contemporary music – in other words you’ll either love it or loathe it. It’s a pioneering piece of ‘minimalist’ music – relentlessly rhythmic and repetitive, and technically demanding on its performers. It begins with three pianists playing different notes to the same 8-beat pattern. Then two more pianists begin to
play the same pattern but shifted two beats out of phase. Different phase shifts of the same motifs fade in and out of the ever-changing musical texture for the duration of the piece. For some it’s hypnotic and fascinating; for others a form of torture!

As you could probably realised, these musicians were at home in lockdown! and managed to keep their passion for music going.
They have done this great recording! It is so inspiring!

What do you think about this music?
Do you like it?
How does the music makes you feel?
Imagine that you are the composer, as you listen to the piece, think for a moment, Is there anything that you like to change? Why?

Benjamin Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Op.34 - with Peter Pears

We are now exploring 20th Century Music.

We will start with a piece by Benjamin Britten (1913—1976).

Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten was an English composer, conductor, and pianist.
He was a central figure of 20th-century British music.

As you watch this video, play attention to the sound of each instrument.

Can you write the name of the instruments and a short description of them?

Is there any instrument or instruments that you like to play? Why?




Ravel: Boléro - BBC Proms

Maurice Ravel (1875–1937).

Ravel’s famous orchestral work dates from 1928. Just before embarking on a tour of America, he was commissioned by the Russian ballerina and dance impresario Ida Rubinstein to compose the music for a ballet, provisionally called Fandango. The piece enjoyed a spectacular revival when Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean ice danced their way to Gold Medal victory at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, becoming the highest scoring figure skaters of all time.

Ravel was absolutely insistent that the tempo of Bolero should remain constant throughout its 15 minutes, and the work is a feat of stamina for the snare drummer!

Listen carefully, and observe how a single melody is passed around the orchestra and it is played by different instruments!

How many different instruments played the main melody?

What are the names of the instruments?

Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No. 2 Mov. 2. Rachmaninov’s second Piano Concerto is often described as the greatest piano concerto ever written.


Sergei Rachmaninov (1873—1943)

Rachmaninov’s second Piano Concerto is often described as the greatest piano concerto ever written. It may be the United Kingdom’s favourite piece of classical music, coming in at No. 1 in the Ultimate Classic FM Hall of Fame – the Top 300 chart of all-time favourite classics, which collated almost three million votes over a period of 20 years. When it was first heard in 1900, the critics and public were enthralled. Glorious melody after glorious melody flowed from the keyboard, the dialogue between orchestra and soloist was divine and Rachmaninov undoubtedly had a hit on his (rather large) hands.

The Romantic period began around 1830 and ended around 1900. During it, the restrictive musical rules of the Classical era were thrown out. Orchestral forces were expanded enabling composers to express their deepest emotions and passions. New sounds and colours were introduced to the orchestra, thanks to the inclusion of varied woodwind and percussion instruments.

Expansive symphonies, virtuosic piano music and passionate songs took their inspiration from art, literature and the twists and turns of life itself.

ELGAR CELLO CONCERTO, JACQUELINE DU PRE-1st Movement of Elgar's Cello Concerto as performed by cellist Jacqueline Du Pre with Daniel Barenboim conducting the London Philharmonic in 1967.

Edward Elgar- born in England (1857-1934)

Edward Elgar's father was a musician who tuned pianos, owned a music shop and was employed as a church organist. The young Edward learned to play the organ and violin at a young age, and composed his first short piece at the age of 10. His first job was as assistant organist to his father. His main love was composition.

Elgar Cello Concerto- 1st Movement.

Most concertos take some time to come to their main point; if they don’t make you wait until the slow movement, and many do, they at least keep the listener waiting through a short orchestral introduction. Elgar was having none of it. Somebody once said that the way he chooses to open his Cello Concerto, with those tortured chords sounding as if they have to be excavated from the cello, is as if Shakespeare had started Hamlet with ‘To be or not to be’.

After watching the performance, write down a list of words that describes Jacqueline's Du Pre performance.
Find out more about Jacqueline Dupre, one of the greatest cellist in the world.

Chopin Nocturne Op.55 No.1 By Arthur Rubinstein (15/154)


Listen and follow the score!

Remember!

Every dot represents a single sound!

Try to follow the score!

Be curious!

How did the music made you feel?

What did you enjoy?

Why?

What you didn't you enjoy?

Why?


Seong-Jin Cho - Chopin: Ballade No.1 In G Minor, Op.23 | Yellow Lounge

Watch this amazing performance of Chopin's Ballade No.1 In G Minor

Frédéric Chopin was one of the greatest pianists of his day.

He is an important figure of the Romantic period in Music.

In the Romantic, expressing feelings through music was very important.

Chopin was born in a town just outside of Warsaw, Poland.

His mother introduced him to the piano; by the time he was six.

Chopin played extremely well and was starting to compose.

He gave his first concert at the age of eight.

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