Summer Term Topic
This term our topic is Ancient Greece. In History the children will be learning all about the different periods of Ancient Greek history, how we can use artefacts and stories to find out about Ancient Greece, daily life in Ancient Greece and the birth of the Olympics. In Geography they will be finding out about the landscape and climate of Greece and how that influenced the development of Ancient Greece.. See the Knowledge Organiser below for all the things that children will be learning.
Lesson 1- The geography of Greece
Have a look at the map and pictures below. What can you see? What does this tell you about the climate and physical landscape of Greece?
Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time.
Weather is a specific event like a rain storm or hot day that happens over a few hours, days and weeks.
Look at the websites below to find out some more about the geography of Greece.
You have a choice of two activities (or do both if you like).
You are on holiday in Greece. Write a postcard to a friend telling them about what it is like in Greece.
You need to include information on the climate, weather, the landscape and what you have seen.
use the template below or create your own (you can draw the picture on the front).
Can you make a travel guide about Greece. Use the template below and look at the websites above for information to include in your travel guide. There is a WAGOL to help you too (don’t copy it though!)
How did the geography of Greece influence the development of Ancient Greece? Have a look at the slides below.
Lesson 2- A timeline of Ancient Greece
We will be travelling back in time to Ancient Greece. Look at the timeline below to see where it fits in with other periods of history you have learnt about.
Read about Ancient Greece on the BBC website below. Find out about the different periods of Ancient Greek history.
Now make your own timeline of Ancient Greece using the information you have found out.
Here is an example but can you include information about each period.
Lesson 3 - Life in Ancient Greece
Have a look at the information on the BBC website below to find out about what family life was like in Ancient Greece. Do you think it was the same for rich and poor people. Why?
The following activities will help you find out more about life in Ancient Greece using different sources of evidence. They will help you to understand how we know about things that happened so long ago.
Activity 1 - The Agora
The Agora was the market place. Have a look at the painting below. What can you see? Why do you think people visited the Agora?
Slide 1: Fishmonger
Slide 2: Olive farmer
Slide 3 : Cobbler (makes shoes).
Did you get them all right?
Activity 2 - Pots
Pots from Ancient Greece are an important way we can find out about what life was like as they are often decorated with scenes of everyday life.
Have a look at the pot below and see if you can choose the right answer to describe the picture.
Lesson 4 - The Ancient Greeks at War
Ancient Greece was not one country as Greece is today, it was made up of lots of small states that were often fighting. Find out more about the Ancient Greeks at War on the BBC website below.
The Battle of Marathon took place in September 490 BC on the plain of Marathon. It was fought between the Athenians and the Persians. Athens was supported by a small force from the city of Platea. The battle was the end of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to conquer Greece. It was part of the first Greco-Persian war.
Look at the slides to find out more about the a Battle of Marathon and then complete the activity to put the events in the correct order.
|Reasons The Athenians won the Battle of Marathon||Rank by importance 1-10|
|Miltiades knew about Persian weapons and fighting.|
The place where the battle took place allowed the Athenians to wait safely until the right
moment to attack.
The Persian army was made up of fighting men from tribes that Persia had
recently conquered. They may not have been so keen to fight.
It was difficult for the Persians to escape because they were trapped between
the sea and the hills.
|The Greek soldiers were better protected with solid breastplates, shields and javelins.|
|Miltiades attacked when he knew the Persian cavalry was absent.|
|The Athenians were more determined to fight to defend their country.|
|The Persians had lighter armour, with wicker shields and bows and arrows.|
|The Athenian plan made the Persians think they could win easily.|
|King Darius was over-confident.|
The Pentathlon and the Ancient Greek Olympic Games.
Find out about the events that made up the Pentathlon.
The Pentathlon was made up of five different events and took place on the afternoon of day two of the ancient Greek Olympic Games. If one athlete won the first three events – discus, javelin and jumping – the final two events, running and wrestling, were cancelled.
This was the first of the five events. To ensure fairness, three official discuses were kept at Olympia and we believe that throwers made a three-quarter turn before throwing.
Most surviving ancient discuses are made from bronze.
Javelins were made from elder wood and were made to be about the height of the athlete. Athletic javelins were made lighter than military ones, to throw for distance.
Javelins were thrown using a leather thong wrapped around the shaft. This would unwind to make the shaft spin and ensure a steadier flight.
We believe that the long jump was a standing jump, using two weights called halteres,
These halteres would be made from stone or metal, probably lead. The style of the weights changed with time. Pegs in the ground marked previous jumps in the competition.
The long jump was often accompanied by music.
If there were no winner after the first three events, the next would be running.
This would usually be a sprint, one or two lengths of the stadium.
There was a starting block of grooved stone and the athletes stood with arms stretched forward, one foot in front of the other.
False starts were punished by flogging.
Reaching the turning post could cause collisions, fouling and cheating during the turn.
Wrestling was the last event.
The wrestlers were covered in oil so it was hard for them to get a grip on each other.
If an athlete’s back or shoulders touched the ground, it was a “fall”. Three falls won the fight. Fights went on until there was a winner.
Refereeing was easy, as sand from the ground showed if shoulders or back had touched.
Look at the slideshow of artefacts showing these different events. Can you work out which shows which event?
Can you see that there was a strong religious element as well as the Games being used to practice events that would help them in war time. Look at the events and sort them into 3 areas:
Lesson 6 - The Legacy of Ancient Greece
Have a look at the images relating to the legacy of what the Ancient Greeks left behind and how they have influenced our lives today. Can you work out which are Greek influenced images and which are not. There are 6 pictures that shouldn’t be there (red herrings). Can you spot them?
Activity 3 - Greek Language
Find 15 words in this story that derive from Greek words. Score points for each one you get right.
More on Ancient Greece
Find out more about Ancient Greece here....